The number of people with diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is estimated to be 415 million worldwide. The number is expected to increase to 642 million by 2040. According to experts, about 46% of diabetic cases remain undiagnosed. Diabetes is a condition in which the production of insulin, which breaks down the glucose received through food to produce energy for the body cells, drops in the body, resulting in higher-than-normal levels of glucose or sugar in the blood. For Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, the sedentary lifestyle coupled with unhealthy eating habits is blamed.
Following are the 7 warning signs of diabetes in an otherwise healthy looking person:
1. Excessive Hunger
Do you feel hungrier than before for no specific reasons? This could be an early and first sign that you are afflicted with diabetes. When you take food, the body breaks it down into glucose which further gets broken down by insulin produced by pancreas for the body cells to absorb the nutrients. When the production of insulin is low or not at all, the glucose remains as it is, unsuitable for the cells to absorb it. This makes the body crave for more food.
A never-ending feeling of fatigue, especially when you get up in the morning, is another sign of diabetes. Initially, you may ignore it as an occasional instance but when it persists over the weeks and months, you know something is wrong with you. It’s because the body is not able to derive energy from the food that you take. As you go about doing your daily chores, you find little energy in your body to carry out all the functions. It’s time you got the glucose level in your body checked.
3. Peeing More Often
Do you notice that you are feeling the urge to pee more frequently? If it’s without any apparent reasons, this could be another sign that you have developed diabetes. Here what happens that your kidneys which were supposed to absorb glucose before releasing the excess water from your body as pee are not able to distill and take in all the glucose present in the blood as usual. Now, they need to do it over and again. And, that’s why you need to go to pee more often.
Are you feeling thirstier these days? If you are peeing more often, it’s logical that your body will need more water. In order to remove all the glucose present in your blood, your body will have to work more and use more water to clean it of all the extra glucose. This will not only require you to pee more frequently but also make you consume more water, the reason why you are feeling thirstier when you have higher sugar level in your blood.
5. Dry & Itchy Skin
As your body needs more water to cleanse the blood of all the excess glucose and you urinate more than ever before, other organs of your body start feeling dehydrated. Dry mouth and itchy skin may be linked to this new development in the body. As the fluids available for other body parts is less, the mouth starts feeling dry more often and with the skin getting less water, it starts becoming dry and itchy.
6. Blurred Vision
Another sign that can indicate that you are suffering from higher sugar level or diabetes is a sudden weakness in your eyesight and blurred vision. The rise in sugar level in your blood alters the fluid supply to the entire body including the eyes where the lenses can swell up and have difficulty in focusing on the desired objects. A blurred vision along together with other symptoms mentioned above is a definite sign of diabetes.
7. Slow Healing of Wounds, Cuts
High glucose level in blood over a long period of time affects the proper supply of blood to different parts of the body, particularly the nerves. As nerves starts getting less supply of blood, they get damaged and this impairs their ability to heal wounds and cuts on the surface of the body. Also, because of excessive presence of glucose, yeast infections in some parts of the skin are not only very common but also very hard to treat and cure.
The high amount of sugar in the blood affects the normal functioning of various body organs, leading them to develop complications. It’s advisable that one keeps a watch on the signs mentioned above and consults a doctor as soon as some of these signs manifest. An early medical intervention together with lifestyle changes can help the patients manage diabetes better and lead a healthier life.